Wishes and preferences for an online lifestyle program for brain health-A mixed methods stud
Wesselman LMP, Schild AK, Coll-Padros N, van der Borg WE, Meurs JHP, Hooghiemstra AM, Slot RER, Sannemann L, Rami L, Molinuevo JL, Bouwman FH, Jessen F, van der Flier WM, Sikkes SAM, Euro-SCD working group
Introduction: Individuals with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) are at increased risk of Alzheimer's disease and could benefit from a prevention strategy targeting lifestyle factors. Making a program available through the Internet gives a widespread reach at low cost, but suboptimal adherence is a major threat to effectiveness. As a first step in developing an online lifestyle program (OLP), we aimed to identify factors that are barriers and/or facilitators for the use of an OLP in individuals with SCD in three European countries.
Methods: As part of the Euro-SCD project, SCD subjects were recruited at memory clinics in the Netherlands, Germany, and Spain. We combined quantitative and qualitative methods, using a mixed methods approach. We conducted an online 18-item survey on the preferences of SCD patients for an OLP (N = 238). In addition, we held semi-structured interviews (N = 22) to gain in-depth understanding of factors acting as a facilitator and/or barrier for intended use of an OLP. Audio recordings were transcribed verbatim. Content analysis was performed.
Results: One hundred seventy-six individuals completed the survey (response rate 74%). Almost all participants regularly use the Internet (97%). Participants reported trustworthiness (93%), user-friendliness (91%), and up-to-date information (88%) as main facilitators, whereas having contact with other users (26%), needing an account (21%), and assignments (16%) were reported as barriers. Barriers differed slightly between countries, but facilitators were largely similar. In-depth interviews revealed that both program characteristics (e.g., trustworthiness, user-friendliness, and personalization) and personal factors (e.g., expectancy to receive negative feedback) are likely to influence the intended use of an OLP.
Discussion: Involving users provided in-depth understanding of factors associated with the intended use of an OLP for brain health. Both program characteristics and personal factors are likely to influence the use of an OLP. Based on this input from the end-users, we will develop an OLP for individuals with SCD.
Wesselman LMP, Schild AK, Coll-Padros N, van der Borg WE, Meurs JHP, Hooghiemstra AM, Slot RER, Sannemann L, Rami L, Molinuevo JL, Bouwman FH, Jessen F, van der Flier WM, Sikkes SAM; Euro-SCD working group. Wishes and preferences for an online lifestyle program for brain health-A mixed methods study. Alzheimers Dement (N Y). 2018 Apr 9;4:141-149. doi:10.1016/j.trci.2018.03.003